In HIST 385 we talked about the importance of Jerusalem to the three monotheistic religions. Jerusalem is of high importance to Islam because of Muhammad’s night journey referred to as the Isra and Mi’raj. Muhammad ascended into paradise from the Temple Mount on a divine beast called Buraq. He was given a tour through the seven heavens and met other prophets. The Qur’an states: “Glory to (Allah) who did take his servant for a journey by night from the sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts we did bless, in order that we might show him some of our signs: for he is the one who heareth and seeth (all things)” (17:1). Two Hadith sources that further explain Muhammad’s journey are Anas ibn Malik and Ibn ‘Abbas.
Here is the website that shows the image of the supposed imprint of Muhammad’s footrptint that left an impression in the rock as he asscended into his night journey upon Buraq: http://www.netours.com/content/view/160/26/